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"Here - Psst - Mister" - Caricature - Arts graph...

Nom de l'objet :

"Here - Psst - Mister"

Caricature

Punch or The London Charivari

Feuillet

Description :

Feuillet recto-verso arraché du magazine Punch portant deux caricatures, l'une d'Emett, l'autre de Fougasse.

La caricature d'Emett représente des musiciens jouant des Christmas Carols de porte en porte. En raison du rationnement, les musiciens ne peuvent jouer que quelques portées du "Bon Roi Wenceslas" pour chaque maison.

La caricature de Fougasse représente un vendeur à la sauvette proposant des articles de marché noir inattendus, mais utiles en cette période de Noël : poupées de chiffon, meubles pour maison de poupée, baigneurs, trains électriques, lapins, chiens et chats en peluche.

Sujet / thème :

Rationnement

Marché noir

Noël

Chant

Auteur/Fabricant :

FOUGASSE

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Civilité / préfixe : M.

Nom : FOUGASSE

Complément du nom : Nom d'artiste de Cyril Kenneth Bird

Notice biographique : Fils d'Arthur Bird, directeur de société, il étudie au Cheltenham college et au King's College de Londres (B.Sc). Tandis qu'il est étudiant au King's College, il fréquente les cours du soir d'art de la Regent Street Polytechnic et de l'école de photo-gravure de Bolt Court. Le 16 septembre 1914 il épouse Mary Holden Caldwell. Gravement blessé à la bataille de Gallipoli durant la Première Guerre mondiale, il est réformé de l'armée britannique pour invalidité (son nom d'artiste vient de la fougasse, un type de mine). Il contribue pour la première fois à Punch en 1916 tandis qu'il est en convalescence ainsi qu'à plusieurs autres journaux et magazines britanniques dont the Graphic et Tatler. En tant qu'un des dessinateurs les plus connus de l'époque, il est l'un des 170 auteurs qui créent des livres de poupée de la taille appropriée exclusivement pour la maison de poupées de la reine Marie (en); son récit en vers illustré, écrit sur des pages de la taille de timbres-poste, est publié en livre cartonné de taille normale en 2012 par la Royal Collection et l'éditeur Walker Books (en). Au cours des années 1920 et 1930, ses dessins évoluent du style de représentation traditionnel à un style libre et novateur, à la fois unique et populaire, qui paraît dans de nombreuses campagnes publicitaires ainsi que dans les magazines. Il est nommé rédacteur de la section arts de Punch de 1937 à 1949 puis rédacteur jusqu'en 1953. Il est le seul dessinateur a jamais avoir édité la revue. Pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, il travaille bénévolement pour le ministère de l'information et dessine de nombreuses affiches de propagande humoristiques mais efficaces dont la fameuse série Careless Talk Costs Lives. Pour ce travail, il est élevé au rang de commandeur de l'Ordre de l'Empire britannique en 1946. Il illustre et co-écrit plusieurs livres humoristiques avec Donald McCullough (en). Il s'agit notamment de Aces Made Easy – ou pons asinorum in a nutshell qui connaît un grand succès sur le contrat au bridge en 1934 et You Have Been Warned – A Complete Guide to the Road en 1935. Au milieu des années 1950 il enseigne à l'école du dimanche de la Science chrétienne dans l'église de Sloane Square, convertie depuis en salle de concert Cadogan Hall. Il meurt à Londres à l'âge de 77 ans. Depuis 2009, son dessin d'un maître d'hôtel portant un plateau est utilisé pour illustrer la première page des menus de première classe de British Airways, continuant une association avec la compagnie aérienne qui remonte aux années 1930 lorsque Fougasse a conçu des affiches publicitaires pour Imperial Airways, la société précurseur de BA.

EMETT Rowland

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Civilité / préfixe : Sir

Nom : EMETT

Prénom : Rowland

Complément du nom : dit "Emett"

Notice biographique : Emett was born in New Southgate, London, the son of a businessman and amateur inventor, and the grandson of Queen Victoria's engraver. He was educated at Waverley Grammar School in Birmingham, where he excelled in drawing, caricaturing his teachers and vehicles and machinery. When he was only 14 he took out a patent on a gramophone volume control. He studied at Birmingham School of Arts and Crafts and one of his landscapes, Cornish Harbour, was exhibited at the Royal Academy; it is now in the Tate collection. An otherwise undistinguished career was interrupted by World War II, when he worked as a draughtsman for the Air Ministry while perfecting his gift for drawing cartoons. From 1939 until the 1950s, and less frequently in the 1960s, he published regularly in Punch and for many years when his work was published elsewhere it was credited to "Emett of Punch". His cartoons were seldom political, except when he caricatured bureaucratic absurdities, and his early subjects typically found humour in the difficulties of life in Great Britain during the second World War. His drawings soon started to include railway scenes and he gradually developed a unique concept of strange, bumbling trains with excessively tall chimneys and silly names. On 12 April 1941 he married Elsie May Evans (who was always known as Mary), the daughter of a Birmingham silversmith. She managed his business interests. They had one daughter, Claire. In 1947 his cartoons came to life on the stage of the Globe Theatre, London, in "Between the Lines", a scene for Laurier Lister's revue Twopence Coloured, with Max Adrian as an eccentric signalman at Friars Fidgeting Signal Box. In 1951, at the Festival of Britain, his most famous steam locomotive, Nellie, was made into a copper and mahogany kinetic sculpture and with two other locomotives, Neptune and Wild Goose, was one of the festival’s most popular attractions, operating the Far Tottering and Oyster Creek Branch Railway. There was a fatality when two trains collided. At this time he was living in Cornwall and working in a studio in a boat-loft at Polperro; later he returned to West Cornwall before settling for the rest of his life at Ditchling, in Sussex. In 1953 Malcolm Muggeridge became editor of Punch and began systematic changes, but Emett continued to publish his work there, albeit less frequently. After a spread in Life magazine on 5 July 1954, his work was much in demand in the United States. He turned more and more to designing and supervising the building of what he called his "things" – always with silly names such as The Featherstone-Kite Openwork Basketweave Mark Two Gentleman’s Flying Machine, two copies of which exist, one of which was displayed in a glass case in the Merrion Centre, Leeds, the other on permanent display at the Mid-America Science Museum in Hot Springs, Arkansas. In the mid-1960s he was commissioned by Honeywell to create a mechanical computer, which he named The Forget-Me-Not Computer. In 1968 he designed the elaborate inventions of Caractacus Potts (played by Dick Van Dyke) for the film Chitty Chitty Bang Bang. In 1973 his water-powered musical clock, The Aqua Horological Tintinnabulator, was installed on the lower floor of the Victoria Centre, Nottingham, and is still at work there. When commissioned, it played Rameau's Gigue en rondeau II from the E-minor suite of his Pièces de Clavecin when striking the hour. The Cats Cradle Pussiewillow III clock was commissioned by Basildon New Town and inaugurated by Michael Bentine on 7 August 1981. It is on display at Eastgate Shopping Centre in Basildon. His larger works, such as Emettland, went on extended tours, ending up in prestigious venues such as the Smithsonian Institution in Washington. The Ontario Science Centre in Toronto has a collection of about ten Emett creations and every December displays the restored working pieces, usually under the title "Dream Machines". The Mid-America Science Museum has had four of his inventions on permanent display for most of the museum's existence. A 30-foot-square mosaic by Emett, installed around 1960, can be seen on the side of the NCP car park in The Marlowes, Hemel Hempstead. When asked how he came up with his strange designs, Emett remarked, "It is a well known fact that all inventors get their first ideas on the back of an envelope. I take slight exception to this, I use the front so that I can incorporate the stamp and then the design is already half done." In 1978 he was awarded an OBE. He died on 13 November 1990 in a Sussex nursing home.

Lieu de conservation :

Musée de la Résistance, Bondues

Numéro d'inventaire :

2010.2.88

Domaine :

Imprimé

Vie culturelle

Matière :

Papier

Technique :

Imprimé